Ford Explorer: Instrumentation, Message Center and Warning Chimes / Description and Operation - Instrument Panel Cluster (IPC) - Overview

Ford Explorer 2020-2021 Service Manual / Electrical / Instrumentation and Warning Systems / Instrumentation, Message Center and Warning Chimes / Description and Operation - Instrument Panel Cluster (IPC) - Overview

Overview

The IPC uses the following methods and functionality to alert the driver of vehicle conditions:

  • gauges
  • informational indicators
  • warning indicators
  • warning messages
  • warning chimes

The base IPC uses a single centered 4-inch screen to display driver information with analog gauges.

The mid-level IPC uses a single centered 6-inch screen to display driver information with analog gauges.

The high-level IPC uses a full width 12-inch screen to display driver information with virtual gauges.

Informational indicators inform the driver of conditions that exist in the vehicle. Warning indicators provide information to the driver of conditions that could potentially cause personal injury or alter vehicle performance.

IPC RTT indicators replace the typical informational or warning indicator, using the same graphical representation. The message center displays RTT indicators in both fixed locations and in a rotating display where they are turned on in the order the request was received by the IPC.

Base IPC


  Base IPC


Item Description
1 Powertrain malfunction (wrench) indicator
2 TPMS indicator
3 Tachometer
4 Hill descent control indicator
5 BLIS off warning indicator
6 Stability-traction control disabled (sliding car off icon) warning indicator
7 Stability-traction control (sliding car icon) warning indicator
8 Seatbelt/BeltMinder® warning indicator
9 LH turn indicator
10 Perimeter alert (Police option)
11 Main message center menu display
12 Menu title/odometer display
13
  • Rotating RTT indicators:
    • Cruise control RTT indicator
    • Liftgate unlocked (lock delay) (Police option)
    • Police pursuit RTT indicator
14 Message center display area
15
  • Rotating RTT indicators:
    • Engineering Test (ET) mode indicator
16 Outside air temperature
17 Compass display
18 RH turn signal indicator
19 Overspeed warning indicator (Gulf Cooperative Countries [GCC] only)
20 Speedometer
21 Electric parking brake indicator
22 Brake warning indicator
23 Fuel gauge
24 Low fuel warning indicator
25 PRNDL display
26 Engine over-temperature warning indicator
27 Temperature gauge
28
  • Auto stop/start indicator (except Police FHEV option)
  • Ready indicator (Police FHEV option)
29 Auto stop/start indicator (Police FHEV option)
30 Airbag warning indicator
31 ABS warning indicator
32 Rear fog lamp indicator
33 High beam indicator
34 Front fog lamp indicator
35   MIL
36 Low engine oil pressure warning indicator
37 Lights on indicator
38 Door ajar indicator
39 Charging system warning indicator

Mid-Level IPC


  Mid-Level IPC


Item Description
1 Ready to drive indicator (HEV)
2 Front fog lamp indicator
3 Tachometer
4 Rear fog lamp indicator (Except North America)
5 TPMS indicator
6   MIL
7 Hill descent control RTT indicator
8
  • Rotating RTT indicators:
    • Engine over-temperature
    • Low fuel
    • Hill start assist
    • BLIS off
    • Door, hood, liftgate ajar
    • Low engine oil pressure
    • Charging system
    • Powertrain malfunction (wrench)
    • Low washer fluid
    • Engineering test (ET) mode
    • Vehicle plugged in (PHEV)
    • HEV hazard
    • HEV motor over-temperature
9 Navigation indication
10 Speed sign recognition RTT indicator
11
  • Rotating RTT indicators:
    • Auto stop/start (Gas)
    • Electric Vehicle (EV) now (PHEV)
    • Electric Vehicle (EV) later (PHEV)
    • Electric Vehicle (EV) charge (PHEV)
12 Message center display
13
  • Adaptive cruise control RTT indicator
  • Lane keeping assist RTT indicator
14 Digital speedometer display
15 Compass display
16 Outside air temperature display
17 Frost RTT indicator (Except North America)
18 Parklamps/headlamps on RTT indicator
19 Electric parking brake RTT indicator
20 Auto hold RTT indicator
21 Auto high beam RTT indicator
22 Seatbelt/BeltMinder® warning indicator
23 Brake warning indicator
24 Speedometer
25 Airbag warning indicator
26 High beam indicator
27 Fuel gauge
28 LED low beam headlamp out RTT indicator
29 Rear seatbelt monitor RTT indicator
30 RH turn indicator
31 Stability-traction control (sliding car icon) warning indicator
32
  • DTE display
  • Battery gauge (PHEV)
  • Electric Vehicle (EV) range display (PHEV)
33 Overspeed warning RTT indicator (Gulf Cooperative Countries [GCC])
34 PRNDM indicator
35 Selectshift RTT indicator
36
  • Drive mode RTT indicators:
    • Normal
    • Sport
    • ECO
    • Tow haul
    • Slippery
    • Sand/Snow
    • Trail
37 Stability-traction control disabled (sliding car off icon) warning indicator
38 LH turn indicator
39 Odometer display
40
  • Cruise control RTT indicator
  • Adaptive cruise control RTT indicator
  • Cruise control set speed display
41 ABS warning indicator
42 Temperature gauge

High-Level IPC


  High-Level IPC


Item Description
1 Forward collision alert warning RTT indicator
2 Frost warning RTT indicator (Except North America)
3 TPMS indicator
4 Stability-traction control disabled (sliding car off icon) warning RTT indicator
5 Stability-traction control (sliding car icon) warning RTT indicator
6 Engine over-temperature warning RTT indicator
7 Virtual tachometer
8 Virtual speedometer
9 LH turn RTT indicator
10 Speed sign recognition RTT indicator
11 Adaptive cruise control RTT indicator
12 Message center audio display
13 Main message center display
14 RH turn RTT indicator
15 ABS warning RTT indicator
16 Main message center menu display
17 Low fuel RTT indicator
18 Virtual fuel gauge
19 Ready to drive RTT indicator ( HEV)
20
  • Rotating RTT indicators:
    • BLIS off
    • Charging system
    • Door, hood, liftgate ajar
    • Engineering test (ET) mode
    • HEV hazard
    • HEV motor over-temperature
    • Hill descent control
    • Low engine oil pressure
    • Low washer fluid
    • Powertrain malfunction (wrench)
    • Vehicle plugged in (PHEV)
21 Electric parking brake RTT indicator
22 Brake warning RTT indicator
23 Auto hold RTT indicator
24 Airbag warning RTT indicator
25 Rear seatbelt monitor RTT indicator
26 Seatbelt/BeltMinder® warning RTT indicator
27
  • Rotating RTT indicators:
    • Auto stop/start (Gas)
    • Electric Vehicle (EV) now (PHEV)
    • Electric Vehicle (EV) later (PHEV)
    • Electric Vehicle (EV) charge (PHEV)
28
  • DTE display
  • Battery gauge (PHEV)
  • Electric Vehicle (EV) range display (PHEV)
29 Outside air temperature display
30
  • Adaptive cruise control RTT indicator
  • Lane keeping assist RTT indicator
31 PRNDM display
32
  • Drive mode RTT indicators:
    • Normal
    • Sport
    • ECO
    • Tow haul
    • Slippery
    • Sand/Snow
    • Trail
33 Odometer display
34 Virtual temperature gauge
35 Compass display
36 Front fog lamp RTT indicator
37 Rear fog lamp RTT indicator
38 High beam RTT indicator
39 Auto high beam RTT indicator
40 Lights on RTT indicator
41 LED low beam out RTT indicator
42 MIL RTT indicator

Message Center

The message center is an integral part of the IPC that receives and acts upon much of the same information that is input and used to operate the IPC (gauges, informational indicators, and warning indicators). The message center uses both hardwired and network-based inputs to receive information. The message center functionality is controlled through the message center switch (part of the RH steering wheel switch).

Whenever conditions are present that require a warning message, the message center replaces the last selected display with the new warning display. Once the message is reset or cleared, the message center returns to the last selected display. If multiple warnings are present, the message center rotates through the messages, displaying each warning for approximately 4 seconds. Warning messages are also generally associated with other observable outputs of the IPC (gauges, informational indicators and Reconfigurable Telltales [RTTs]) . For example, when the ABS module detects a low brake fluid condition, the ABS module sends the IPC a request through the GWM to illuminate the brake warning indicator and a request to display the LOW BRAKE FLUID message in the message center. This allows the message center to be a more informative supplement to the IPC gauges and indicators.

The system warning messages alert the operator to possible concerns or malfunctions in the vehicle operating systems. System warning messages can be stand-alone messages, but are often associated with another form of indication, such as a gauge or an indicator. The message center displays the last selected feature if there are no additional warning messages. Once a warning message has been displayed, the message must be acknowledged to allow full functionality of the message center by pressing the OK button to acknowledge and clear the warning message. For a complete list of warning messages displayed, refer to the message center section of the Owner's Literature.

Warning Chimes

The warning chimes provide the driver with audible warnings that act as reminders and supplemental alerts to visual IPC indications such as gauges, indicators and message center warnings. The IPC controls all warning chimes based on messages received from external modules. The IPC prioritizes the chimes according to a preset hierarchy programmed into the IPC software. When more than one chime request is received by the IPC, the most important chime sounds. If a lower priority chime is currently sounding, the higher priority request takes over and replaces or delays the lower priority chime.

The warning chimes are sounded through the audio system speakers and the IPC. The turn signal/hazard on (tick-tock) is the only individual chime that sounds through the IPC, not the audio system. The parking aid, lifgate warning and BLIS/ CTA warning chimes are sounded through the rear speakers. All other warning chimes are sounded through the front audio system speakers.

NOTE: There are instances where some chimes may sound through the IPC and should not be interpreted as a fault in the audio system. An example might be when the ignition is off, with the key in the ignition and the driver door ajar. In this instance, the audio system is offline and the key-in-ignition chime defaults to the IPC.

The IPC also acts as a backup. In the event of an audio system chime failure, the IPC sounds all chimes that are required.

    Instrumentation, Message Center and Warning Chimes

    ..

    Description and Operation - Instrument Panel Cluster (IPC) - System Operation and Component Description

    System Operation System Diagram - Gauges Gas Item Description 1 IPC 2 GWM 3 PCM 4 Fuel pump and sender unit 5 Base/mid-level analog ga..

    Other information:

    Ford Explorer 2020-2021 Service Manual: Removal and Installation - Flasher Switch Pad


    Removal NOTE: Removal steps in this procedure may contain installation details. NOTE: Lighting and siren control module switch pad shown, lighting relay center switch pad similar. NOTE: The switch pad is mounted by the individual police department and the mounting location will vary...

    Ford Explorer 2020-2021 Service Manual: Removal and Installation - Passive Anti-Theft System (PATS) Transceiver


    Special Tool(s) / General Equipment Pick Hook Removal Remove the ignition lock cylinder housing. Refer to: Ignition Lock Cylinder Housing (211-05 Steering Wheel and Column Electrical Components, Removal and Installation). Remove the PATS transceiver...

    Categories

    Seatbelt Height Adjustment

    WARNING: Position the seatbelt height adjuster so that the seatbelt rests across the middle of your shoulder. Failure to adjust the seatbelt correctly could reduce its effectiveness and increase the risk of injury in a crash.

    read more

     
    Copyright © 2021 www.foexplorer.com