Ford Explorer: Roof Sheet Metal Repairs / Removal and Installation - Roof Panel

Ford Explorer 2020-2022 Service Manual / Body and Paint / Body and Paint / Roof Sheet Metal Repairs / Removal and Installation - Roof Panel

Special Tool(s) / General Equipment

Resistance Spotwelding Equipment
Scraper for Straight Edges
Hot Air Gun
Knife
8 mm Drill Bit
MIG/MAG Welding Equipment
Spot Weld Drill Bit
Locking Pliers

Materials

Name Specification
Metal Bonding Adhesive
TA-1, TA-1-B, 3M™ 08115, LORD Fusor® 108B
-
 
Seam Sealer
TA-2-B, 3M™ 08308, LORD Fusor® 805DTM
-
 

Removal

  1.   WARNING: Before beginning any service procedure in this manual, refer to health and safety warnings in section 100-00 General Information. Failure to follow this instruction may result in serious personal injury.

    Refer to: Health and Safety Precautions (100-00 General Information, Description and Operation).
    Refer to: High Voltage System Health and Safety Precautions - Overview (100-00 General Information, Description and Operation).
  1. Depower the SRS
    Refer to: Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) Depowering (501-20B Supplemental Restraint System, General Procedures).
  1. On Both Sides:
    Remove the roof rail.
    Refer to: Roof Rail (501-08 Exterior Trim and Ornamentation, Removal and Installation).
  1. Remove the headliner.
    Refer to: Headliner (501-05 Interior Trim and Ornamentation, Removal and Installation).
  1. On Both Sides:
    Remove the side air curtain.
    Refer to: Side Curtain Airbag (501-20B Supplemental Restraint System, Removal and Installation).
  1. Remove the windshield.
    Refer to: Fixed Glass (501-11 Glass, Frames and Mechanisms, General Procedures).
  1. Remove the liftgate and hinges.
    Refer to: Liftgate (501-03 Body Closures, Removal and Installation).
  1. Remove the antenna.
    Refer to: Roof Mounted Antenna (415-00A Information and Entertainment System - General Information - Vehicles Without: SYNC 3, Removal and Installation).
    Refer to: Roof Mounted Antenna (415-00B Information and Entertainment System - General Information - Vehicles With: SYNC 3, Removal and Installation).
  1. Remove the welds.
    Use the General Equipment: Spot Weld Drill Bit
  1. Remove the welds.
    Use the General Equipment: Spot Weld Drill Bit
  1. Remove the welds.
    Use the General Equipment: Spot Weld Drill Bit
  1. Remove the roof ditch seam sealer.
    Use the General Equipment: Hot Air Gun
    Use the General Equipment: Scraper for Straight Edges
  1. On Both Sides:
    Remove the welds.
    Use the General Equipment: Spot Weld Drill Bit
  1. NOTE: Leave as much NVH foam intact on the roof bows as possible.

    Using a broad-edged scraper or sharp knife, separate the outer panel from the roof bows.
    Use the General Equipment: Knife
  1. With the help of an assistant, remove the roof outer panel.

Installation

NOTICE: The HVTB (High Voltage Traction Battery) in an EV (Electric Vehicle), HEV or PHEV can be affected and damaged by excessively high temperatures. The temperature in some body shop paint booths can exceed 60° C (140° F). Therefore, during refinishing operations, the paint booth temperature must set at or below 60° C (140° F) with a bake time of 45 minutes or less. Temperatures in excess of 60° C (140° F) or cure durations longer than 45 minutes will require the HVTB be removed from the vehicle prior to placing in the paint booth.

NOTICE: If refinishing cure temperatures exceed 60° C (140° F), the charge port light ring must be removed.

NOTICE: EV (Electric Vehicle), HEV and PHEV contain a HVTB (High Voltage Traction Battery). Before welding near the HVTB, the HVTB must be removed to avoid heat damage.

NOTE: Factory welds may be substituted with resistance spot welds or MIG plug welds. Resistance spot welds may not be placed directly over original factory location, they must be placed adjacent to original location and equal factory welds in quantity. MIG plug welds must equal factory welds in both location and quantity.

  1.   WARNING: Before beginning any service procedure in this manual, refer to health and safety warnings in section 100-00 General Information. Failure to follow this instruction may result in serious personal injury.

    Refer to: Health and Safety Precautions (100-00 General Information, Description and Operation).
    Refer to: High Voltage System Health and Safety Precautions - Overview (100-00 General Information, Description and Operation).
  1. Drill plug weld holes in the replacement panel.
    Use the General Equipment: 8 mm Drill Bit
  1. With the help of an assistant, install, properly align and index mark the roof panel to the vehicle.
  1. With the help of an assistant, remove the roof outer panel.
  1. Apply adhesive.
    Material: Metal Bonding Adhesive / TA-1, TA-1-B, 3M™ 08115, LORD Fusor® 108B
  1. NOTE: Do not lift the panel from the body once installed. If the panel requires re-positioning, slide the panel to the correct location.

    NOTE: Assure full adhesive contact at all locations, apply additional adhesive as required.

    With the help of an assistant, install and align the roof outer panel.
  1. Tightly clamp (without damaging) the roof outer panel in the front and rear header areas.
    Use the General Equipment: Locking Pliers
  1. NOTE: Additional adhesive does not need to be removed. Allow excess to act as a sealer.

    Smooth out any adhesive squeeze-out in the roof ditch seam.
  1. Install the welds.
    Use the General Equipment: Resistance Spotwelding Equipment
  1. Install the welds.
    Use the General Equipment: MIG/MAG Welding Equipment
  1. Install the welds.
    Use the General Equipment: Resistance Spotwelding Equipment
  1. Sand to remove e-coat, old adhesive and clean.
  1. Apply a Ford approved, epoxy-based primer and allow to dry.
  1. Mask off the area.
  1. Metal finish all welds as necessary using typical metal finishing techniques and materials.
  1. Seam Sealing:
    All seams must be sealed to production level.
    Material: Seam Sealer / TA-2-B, 3M™ 08308, LORD Fusor® 805DTM
  1. Refinish the entire repair using a Ford approved paint system and typical refinishing techniques.
  1. Unmask the area.
  1. Install the windshield.
    Refer to: Fixed Glass (501-11 Glass, Frames and Mechanisms, General Procedures).
  1. Install the antenna.
    Refer to: Roof Mounted Antenna (415-00A Information and Entertainment System - General Information - Vehicles Without: SYNC 3, Removal and Installation).
    Refer to: Roof Mounted Antenna (415-00B Information and Entertainment System - General Information - Vehicles With: SYNC 3, Removal and Installation).
  1. On Both Sides:
    Install the roof rail.
    Refer to: Roof Rail (501-08 Exterior Trim and Ornamentation, Removal and Installation).
  1. On Both Sides:
    Install the side curtain air bag.
    Refer to: Side Curtain Airbag (501-20B Supplemental Restraint System, Removal and Installation).
  1. Install the headliner.
    Refer to: Headliner (501-05 Interior Trim and Ornamentation, Removal and Installation).
  1. Install the liftgate and hinges.
    Refer to: Liftgate (501-03 Body Closures, Removal and Installation).
  1. Adjust the liftgate.
    Refer to: Liftgate Alignment (501-03 Body Closures, General Procedures).
  1. Repower the SRS.
    Refer to: Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) Repowering (501-20B Supplemental Restraint System, General Procedures).

    Removal and Installation - Roof Front Frame

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    Removal and Installation - Roof Panel - Vehicles With: Roof Opening Panel

    Special Tool(s) / General Equipment Resistance Spotwelding Equipment Scraper for Straight Edges Hot Air Gun Knife 8 mm Drill Bit MIG/MAG Welding Equipment Spot Weld ..

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    Gauges

    4 Inch Display

    A - Tachometer.

    B - Information display.

    C - Speedometer.

    D - Fuel gauge.

    E - Engine coolant temperature gauge.

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