Ford Explorer: Automatic Transmission - 10-Speed Automatic Transmission – 10R60 / Description and Operation - Transmission Description - Overview

Ford Explorer 2020-2023 Service Manual / Powertrain / Automatic Transmission / Automatic Transmission - 10-Speed Automatic Transmission – 10R60 / Description and Operation - Transmission Description - Overview


The 10R60 automatic transmission is a 10-speed electronically controlled transmission with a main control valve body unit with 8 solenoids and a torque converter. Gear selection is achieved by the control of transmission fluid to operate various internal clutches. The PCM operates the electrical components and provides control of gear selection, shift pressure and torque converter slip.

This transmission includes:

  • Torque converter with an integral converter clutch
  • Electronic shift and pressure controls
  • Four planetary gearsets
  • Two multi-disc holding clutches
  • Four multi-plate drive clutches
  • One one way holding clutch
  • Main control valve body unit

The main control consists of a valve body assembly with solenoids inside the transmission and is controlled by a PCM. The PCM operates the electrical components to provide refined engagement feel, shift feel, and shift scheduling.

Engine power reaches the transmission by a torque converter with an integral clutch. The 10 forward gears and one reverse gear are obtained from 4 planetary gearsets.

Identification Tags

Identification Tag Location

Item Description
1 Solenoid body identification tag
2 Transmission identification tag

Transmission identification tag

Item Description
1 Transmission part number
2 Two-dimensional matrix barcode

When servicing the transmission, use the transmission identification tag located on the right side of the transmission case.

Original Solenoid Body Tag

Item Description
1 Three-digit transmission model code
2 Thirteen-digit solenoid body strategy
3 Twelve-digit solenoid body identification
4 Eleven-digit transmission unique running number
5 Two-dimensional matrix barcode with TRID transmission characterization data

The solenoid body strategy is a file programmed into the PCM to control the shift, LPC and TCC solenoids to improve shift quality. The solenoid body tag on the transmission case contains the 13-digit solenoid body strategy and the 12-digit solenoid body identification.

Replacement Solenoid Body Tag

Item Description
1 Thirteen-digit solenoid body strategy
2 Twelve-digit solenoid body identification

Anytime a new main control is installed, a new solenoid body strategy file is downloaded into the PCM using the scan tool. A replacement solenoid body tag is supplied with the new solenoid body which contains the 13-digit solenoid body strategy and the 12-digit solenoid body identification. The new tag is placed over the original solenoid body tag.

Solenoid Body Identification and Strategy

If the solenoid body strategy etched on the main control does not match what the scan tool displays, the solenoid body strategy must be downloaded into the PCM or harsh shifts will result.

Solenoid Band Number

Item Description
1 CIDAS (casting integrated direct acting solenoid)
2 VFS (variable force solenoids)
3 Band number

The solenoids are calibrated from the factory and are not all the same. There are 2 types of VFS (variable force solenoids), normally high and normally low solenoids. The CIDASs are all normally low solenoids. The solenoids can be replaced separately, but only with the same type of solenoid. The replacement solenoid band number must match the band number of the solenoid being replaced. The band number is printed on the solenoids in the location shown and will be 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5.


      Lubricants, Fluids, Sealers and Adhesives   Specifications Motorcraft® MERCON® ULV Automatic Transmission Fluid / XT-12-QULV MERCON®..

    Description and Operation - Transmission Description

    Transmission Assembly Item Part Number Description 1 79027902 Torque converter 2 W714629W714629 Transmission fluid pan stud bolts (6 required) 3 W500215W..

    Other information:

    Ford Explorer 2020-2023 Service Manual: Removal and Installation - Loadspace Trim Panel

    Special Tool(s) / General Equipment Long Nose Pliers Interior Trim Remover Removal NOTE: LH (left hand) shown, RH (right hand) similar. NOTE: Removal steps in this procedure may contain installation details. Remove the following items: Remove the rear scuff plate trim panel...

    Ford Explorer 2020-2023 Service Manual: Description and Operation - Diagnostic Methods

    This document provides critical diagnostic knowledge required for successful repair outcomes. It identifies technical competencies expected by users of this manual. Ford Diagnostic Assumptions Ford diagnostics assume the vehicle concern described by the test title is currently present...


    Children and Airbags

    WARNING: Airbags can kill or injure a child in a child restraint. Never place a rear-facing child restraint in front of an active airbag. If you must use a forward-facing child restraint in the front seat, move the seat upon which the child restraint is installed all the way back.

    read more

    Copyright © 2023